Geographical structure of India:-
India lies on Indo-Australian plate forming a subcontinent of Asia. It is situated in north of equator and is the seventh largest country of the world. The total area of India is 3,287,263 square kilometers that is 1,269,219 square miles. Its length from north to south measures 3,214 kilometer and width from east to west being 2,933 kilometers. It has a large coastline of 7,516.6 kilometer that is 4,671 miles. It comprises totally of land excluding lakes and small rivers. It has a total land border of 15,16 kilometers that is 9,386.87 miles comprising of Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, and Bhutan.
At north it has a shield of Himalayan mountain ranges having large mountains like Kanchenjunga having a height of 8,611 miles. These mountains are the third highest mountain ranges in World. It has various rivers such as Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati which are considered holy in India. India is surrounded by various water bodies on its three sides that is mainly by Indian Ocean in south, by Arabian Sea on southwest, by Lakshadweep Sea on south, and by Bay of Bengal on southeast. The southernmost tip of Indian mainland is Kanyakumari and southernmost point of India is Indira point on Great Nicobar Island. The northernmost place under Indian administration is Indira Col of Siachen Glacier. The total percentage area of world covered by India is 2.4 %. The Brahmaputra-Ganga system includes most of north, central, and east India whereas Deccan Plateau occupies most of Southern India.
Climate and seasons in India:-
The climate and season consists of variety that is it is very much diversified. India is a host of six various climates that is arid desert in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, humid tropical regions having rainforests in the southwest and island territories. India comprises mainly of four seasons that is winter (from December to February), summer (from March to May), monsoon (from June to September), post-monsoon period (from October to December). The two important places that is hot Thar Desert in northwest and cold Himalayan ranges in north yield important cultural and economic rainfall throughout the country. The most important Himalayan mountain ranges prevent entry of katabatic winds from chilling Tibetan Plateau and northerly situated Central Asia. Hence due to this most part of North India is kept hot or mildly chilly during winter. This also keeps most parts of India hot during summer.
As India is situated in the tropical zone it can face varying seasons and climates throughout the year. These varying climates may be epochal droughts, floods, cyclones, and some other disasters. There may be several changes in the climate in the next few years due to global warming for example hot climate and increasing sea level. Apart from winter, summer, monsoon, and post-monsoon India also experiences other season known as spring which is experienced during earlier weeks of summer. Spring is experienced maximum in southern India. Hence during one complete year India experiences various seasons and climate. Therefore person who can tolerate various seasons can easily live in India.
Culture followed by India:-
Today the friendly nature of India towards other countries is a result of its virtuous culture and tradition. Indian culture is a blend of various and unique culture of different religions and communities in India. The culture of India varies slightly from region to region. The language, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differs from place to place throughout the country. The culture of India has been influenced by a history that is millenniums old. Several elements of Indian culture such as Indian religions, Indian philosophy, and Indian cuisine have found impact across the world.
India is known as the oldest civilization of the world and it is also diversified very much due to its large population. As seen in most of the cultures, its development is done due to the people whereas Indian culture has been influenced by various religions. Religion has influenced as much on development on Indian literature, art, music, architecture, and philosophy. Since thousands of years Indian culture has found a effect from fusion of Buddhism, Hinduism, Muslim, Jainism, Sikhism and various other tribal populations. India is one of the most diverse nation in terms of religion and ethics, and so is in culture. Depending on the religion, various cultures are followed by various people across the country. For centuries, Indian culture has believed in joint family system but nowadays population has started in believing in nuclear family system. Indian culture has also started believing love marriage rather than arrange marriage.
Languages spoken in India:-
The total languages spoken in India belong only to two families, one of which is Indo-Aryan family languages spoken by 75% of population and other is Dravidian family languages spoken by remaining 25%. There are some other languages that belong to other family but they are very few. It is believed by the people that Hindi is the national language of India but it is not true as India has no national language. In fact Hindi is only declared as the official language. There are 22 languages which are recognized as scheduled languages and they are given recognition, status, and official encouragement.
The history of India has seen a significant effect of two languages that is English and Persian. During the Mughal period, Persian language was used as the court language. This language continued till India did not become a British colony. But during this modern era, English has become an important language as it is used in higher education and it is also used in some departments of the government. Besides Hindi, the other languages spoken in India which vary depending upon the state are Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, and Punjabi. Hence as seen above, similar to culture, there are great variety of languages spoken in India. Apart from this, languages there are thousands of local languages that are famous among the people. But the advantage is that most of the people of India are educated and they are able to understand English easily.
Attractions and places to see in India:-
India being the home to one of the wonder of the world, Taj Mahal has also various other attractions similar to it. India has various landscapes to experience such as high sky touching mountains, chilled Himalayas, Hot Rajasthan, hill stations and many other. One of the best attractions is the white desert in Rann of Kachch. Every year thousands of tourists come here to take a look at the desert filled with salt. Various cities of different states which are the most visited cities by tourists are Pushkar of Rajasthan, Jaipur of Rajasthan, Bangalore of Karnataka, Ladakh of Jammu and Kashmir, Hampi of Karnataka, Goa, Jaisalmer of Rajasthan, Mahabalipuram of Tamil Nadu, Darjeeling of West Bengal, Varansi of Uttar Pradesh, Pune of Maharashtra and many others. India being a diverse nation is a home to various different religions across the country. So it is filled with various religious and holy places such as temples, churches, Jain temples, and Gurudwaras.
Here we may highlight some of the tourist places of India. In the pink city Jaipur is a five storey structure made with stunning pick and red sandstone and is known as Hawa Mahal. One of the other attractions among Andaman Nicobar Islands is Havelock Island. Some people are fond of observing wildlife, so for them Bandhavgarh National Park may be very interesting as it allows us to have a site of West Bengal Tigers. Pushkar Camel Fair is one time in a year opportunity for people involved in trading and selling of camels and taking their ride. One of the best hill stations is Darjeeling with a wonderful scenic beauty and is famous for trains, tea farming and many others. Qutb minar which is second highest brick minaret in the world is also one of the attraction for the tourist. Mysore Palace is an awesome experience as it is second most popular attraction in India. Khajuraho group of temples is among some of the fines medieval temple art, not only in India, but in the whole world as it combines art with eroticism. At last we cannot forget the most famous Ajanta Ellora Caves of Aurangabad. And the symbol of love is Taj Mahal made up of white marble made by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his loving wife.
Transportation routes available in India:-
The transport system of India consists of air, water as well as land routes. The most preferable transport in the city is of public transport and public transport of India is amongst most heavily used transports in world. Population of motor vehicles in India is very less compared to other countries and the amount is only 24.85 million. Today 21 percent of household use two wheeler and 4.7 percent motor vehicles in India. Although, automobile industry is rapidly developing in India with an annual production of 4.6 million vehicles and rate of 10.6%. For transport between cities, intercity, between different states there are a dozen of facilities for people. Metropolitan cities are equipped with metro trains for transport in the city. Whereas other big cities like Mumbai have facility of local train and small cities have multiple facility for transport. For small cities if we think about public transport then many government buses run throughout the city and for private transport you can select either of two taxi or three wheeler rickshaws. Taxi is used by less number of people in India so for private transport major population prefers rickshaws. If we talk about taxi then these taxis can be booked from your mobile via mobile application. Transportation via taxi may provide some comfort and a sense of security. These taxis are run by private sector and we can have blind trust on them. The cost of travelling in rickshaw is quite cheaper than travelling in taxi but on the other side one also has some advantages such as comfort, security, and protection during rain.
India is known for its most heavily used networks in the world. Yes, that is India’s rail network which is 4th longest and transports 18 million people daily. Railways are highly used for long distance transport across the country. For air transport also one has not to worry about as he can get flights mostly all the time. Water transport facilities are also available in India. Apart from these facilities, some other modes of transport used by the people are walking, palanquins, bicycles, human-pulled rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, bullock carts, horse carriages, bus, and railways.
Hostel facilities in India:-
One of the foremost facilities which should be satisfying is living facility. The place where we live should be hostile should be a place where one can reach and get all the materialistic things. The accommodation facilities in India are also almost same to other countries. Students may have three options one is inside campus; other is outside campus and third paying guest. Mostly all the colleges have hostels inside their campus. These hostels are equipped with all the basic facilities like air conditioner, television, good food, Wi-Fi, and several others. But any outside state student may face difficulties in food type and taste.
If we talk about other two, then we may see some other advantages or disadvantages. If we talk about staying at private hostels outside the campus, then also it a good choice. It is similar to living in a hostel inside the campus as the facilities available in hostel of campus are similar to those provided in these private hostels. As the college hostels are located inside the campus the level of security in these hostels are higher compared to these private hostels. Excluding security one may enjoy more in private hostels as one may get some amount of freedom to live as private hostels are having fewer restrictions comparatively. Now talking about living as a paying guest would be cheaper but more tedious than these two. One who lives as a paying guest has to take all the small small responsibilities such as taking care of his food, washing clothes, laundry, transport and many others so it becomes tedious. And one may have no restrictions as where to go and when to go. So at the end we can conclude that one may live in an accommodation of his choice depending on the points discussed above.
Food facilities in India:-
The food eaten since years in India is Gujarati, South Indian, Bengali and various others depending on the region. This food was more eaten by the old generation. But the youth or new generation is fond of tastes of different countries. They are fond to eat food that is made in other countries, they want different taste. Hence nowadays some other food varieties like Chinese, Continental, Spanish, Italian and others. Due to this reason, one has not to worry about food when one plans to study in India. Franchise of various world famous restaurants is also there across India which allows us to enjoy any taste we want. As it is known by us, new generation is very much fond of eating outside food. So in response to this condition, there are lots of hotels providing good quality satisfying food.
Yes some problems is faced by students living in hostels as these hostels provide them only with the regional food. Students cannot get food of his choice everyday so he or she may have to compromise with it sometimes. So one could not be placed in a situation where he would not like any food and has to remain hungry.
Crime occurring in India:-
Everyone cares about his or her safety before going anywhere. If the safety level is somewhat good and one has to live there for some time them it is not a matter of concern. But if one has to go far from his home for study, then safety would be a concern as he may have to remain there for 2 to 4 years. Candidate would be safe at the respective place if the crime ratio is low there.
For India, location becomes important for describing the crime as it varies greatly from state to state. Talking about the highest crime rate state wise then its Kerala and the position for lowest crime rate was observed in Nagaland. Hence as seen crime seen may vary from state to state. As seen in most countries, when they develop the crime rate increases in comparison to earlier. Similarly, crime rate has increased in comparison to 90’s. There are various types of crime seen in India. If we analyze each crime, then percentage has changed over years. House-breaking has been decreased, murder has been increased, kidnapping has been increased, and some other crimes has been decreased. Nowadays, cybercrimes has also been increased.
Who can get Admission in MBBS in India:-
- A student should have completed 17 years before 31st
- Students of general category must have completed high school examination with at least 50% marks and subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
- Student must have cleared NEET exam with least passing marks.
- Students of SC/ST/OBC category must have completed high school examination with at least 45% marks and subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
Documents required for taking Admission in MBBS in India:-
- 10th mark sheet
- 12th mark sheet
- Leaving Certificate
- Passing Certificate
- Birth Certificate in English language
- Passport size photographs
- NEET Exam result
- Migration Certificate (for abroad students)
Admission process of MBBS in India:-
As admission in MBBS or BDS is given through NEET score only, so one has to first of all appear for NEET examination that is conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education. In all government, semi-government, and private sector colleges the admissions have to be done mandatory by the NEET score. If one wishes to take admission in any of the AIMS campus then he has to appear for the AIMS entrance examination. One can also give exam of JIPMER for its two campuses. Once the exam is consulted after some time the date for result is declared. Once the results are declared, the candidate can view his results online. One has to enter his seat number and he will get a view of his result which would include marks obtained, percentile rank, and all India rank.
Once the results are declared one has to login to the admission site and has to wait for the merit list. This merit list declared is for 15% quota which is all India admission quotas. With this merit number one can get admission in colleges other than his state. After declaration of this merit list every state declares merit list of their own students for admission in medical colleges of the respective state. Thereafter the candidate has to appear for the choice filling round after his or her documents are verified. The choice filling rounds comprises of one mock round and other three true rounds for filling their choice of college. Hence the candidate would get a idea about how to fill the choices with the help of mock round. Thereafter is the choice filling round where the students have to enter colleges depending on the priority. The students can take a look at the history of admissions for this purpose.
Once the choice filling is done, one has to lock his choice and has to wait for the results. Once the results are declared one has to reach the college at the earliest and has to confirm the admission. After this round, if one is not satisfied then one can appear in other two reshuffling rounds and fill new choices. After the admission is confirmed, one can join the college and pursue his course calmly.
Course duration and Syllabus for MBBS in India:-
The MBBS course in India is almost similar to other country. The complete course is of 5.5 years which comprises of 4.5 years of academic education and 1 year of mandatory internship. MBBS course gives student two degrees Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.
Student has to study a number of subjects in MBBS. The subjects included are:-
- Human Anatomy
- Foreign Medicine including Toxicology
- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Specializations
- General Surgery
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Human physiology including Bio-Physics
- Introduction to Humanities and Community Medicine
- Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- General Medicine
Cost of doing MBBS in India:-
There are three types of government colleges in India. They are government, semi-government and self-finance medical colleges. So the cost of doing MBBS differs depending on the college. If a student has got admission in a government college, then everyone knows that the expense is same as nothing. The cost of doing MBBS in government college is minimal as the fees is only INR 5000 per year. In semi-government medical college, the fees is around INR 3,00,000 per year which is not affordable for a middle class family. For a self-finance medical college, the cost is not affordable for a middle-class student as it is close to INR 10,00,000 per year. Hence it depends that a student gets admission in which of the college. The cost of book and other requirements may sum up to 25,000-30,000 at the end of the year.
Quality of education in India:-
Some of the top medical colleges of India are world-class and for admission into these colleges one has to appear for exams like NEET and AIMS. These colleges provide courses at both the level undergraduate as well as post-graduate course. Every college allows student to do the course of MBBS, BDS, MD, MDS, and MS. Till the date the total number of medical colleges across the country is 273 which are recognized by MCI (Medical Council of India) and the total number of students studying in these colleges are near to 31,000. The council at national level is Medical Council of India. This council is concerned about maintaining the quality and availability of education to the students in the best manner. Members of this council visit colleges approved by it one time every year. During this survey, they make a complete report of the college that is details about the facilities provided, details about books provided details about faculties, and other small things. They take a short session with the students asking them if they are satisfied with the institution and their facilities. If the students are not satisfied with the institution, then they can tell about the problems to them. Then the officers would consult to the college officials to make changes in specific direction. So the quality of education would be maintained and students would be satisfied with the institution. Hence, the student would get the best quality of education in Indian Medical Colleges.
India medical degree recognition in other countries:-
The answer to recognition of Indian Medical Degree in western countries like US, UK, Canada is practically no which means a student holding Indian Medical Degree cannot directly practice in these countries. If one wants to practice in these countries, they have to undergo some of the steps. First of all one needs to give the entrance exam. Thereafter one has to study for one or two years and then one gets the license to practice there. If one wishes to live in India only, then his medical degree would be recognized all over the country and he has no reason to worry.
Admission process in Medical Colleges in India
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) The course duration is 5½ years (4½ years of classroom study followed by a year of rotating internship). The 4½ years of class room study is broken into 3 phases of 18 months each. Each phase of 18 months is known as Professional and is further divided into 3 semesters of 6 months each. There is a semester exam at the end of each semester and a Professional exam at the end of each professional. The third professional is devoted to monthly clinical work in the wards and departments of the hospital. In all there are 3 professional examinations, followed by practical and clinical examinations. Pass percentage required is 50 per cent. MBBS in India – offers an amalgamation of cultures, religions and races which coexist in perfect harmony. The country is brimming with creativity and life. This country is set apart from the rest of Asia by the lofty Himalayas. Apart from English language that is used in trade and politics, there are fourteen official languages in the country. The country ranks second in terms of population. Six major ethnic groups occupy this colorful nation.
Indus valley civilization, which originated in India, was the first major civilization in South Asia. The inhabitants of the civilization were known as Dravidians. It is believed that the descendants of Dravidians settled in the Southern province of the country. When Gupta dynasty ruled North India it was known as the Golden Age in Indian history. After the Mughal rule and British East India Company’s rule, India became an independent nation in 1947.
India can be divided into three main regions. The Northern part of the country is adorned by lofty and rugged Himalayas. The Indo Gangetic plain is known for its fertile and lush lands. A major portion of the country’s agriculture takes place in these plains. The central and southern portions of the country are occupied with plateaus. The three large rivers, which have created fertile deltas, are Ganges, Indus and Brahmaputra.
Why India :-
Indian institutes of higher studies have been playing a leading role and are recognized across the globe2017. They have been making a significant contribution in development and research. For medical programs, English is used as a medium of instruction. Indian medical courses are at par with the best in the world and are affordable. The greatest advantage of studying medicine in India is the large clinical exposure which is offered to aspirants.
MBBS in India :-
The medical schools in the country are associated with state hospitals2017, which offer students a large scope to deal with patients. There are several ways in which you can get admission in a medical college. The best way is to qualify the All India Pre Medical Examination which is conducted by All India Institute of Medical Sciences. On completion of the medical program, the students need to work in a hospital which is attached with the medical college.
All India Institute of Medical Institutes is a premier institute which offers an MBBS degree. In this college training and research is conducted in 42 disciplines. AIIMS leads in the field of research and offers large scope to Indian students who can enroll in any of the twenty-five clinical departments. Armed Forces Medical College Pune offers an MCI recognized MBBS degree. It is a center of advanced learning and excellence which provides training in MBBS courses. There are other reputed Medical colleges in India which are recognised by the Medical Council of India. Students can avail admission in them also.
Fee Structure :-
An MBBS degree in India costs very low as compared to foreign counterparts. Studying in AIIMS can be the cheapest. By shelling out hardly anything, you can earn a degree if you are an outstation candidate. If you are a local candidate, you need to spend less. Most of the expenses are paid by the government which makes the course affordable.
Admission process :-
Medical entrance exams serve as entry gates to MBBS course in India. The admissions are either based on the results in Senior Secondary examination or the scores in medical entrance examination. The students need to score a minimum of 50% in 12th boards. The students require submitting No Objection certificate from Department of Health, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
Most medical institutes offer hostel accommodation to the outstation candidates. The rooms contain a cot, table and a chair. For recreational activities, the hostels provide the facilities of swimming pool, football field and gymnasium. The hostels are provided with internet facilities. All hostels include a mess which functions throughout the semester.
A well-coordinated transport system helps the students to commute to their colleges. Local students can avail buses and metros to travel to their colleges. You can travel within the city on auto-rickshaws and taxis. Cities like Kolkata and Delhi offer you the choice of travelling in metros. Mumbai offers you the facility of a well networked railway system. For inter-city travel, you can depend on buses, trains and luxury coaches.
Indian cuisine is popular for the diverse tastes and flavors which it offers. The cuisine offers exotic flavors, which are a perfect blend of available spices and herbs. Vegetarianism is a growing trend in the Indian society. Culinary traditions in India vary according to places, regions and local culture. Seafood plays a vital role in the Southern province of India. Fusion cuisines can be savored to taste Indian and foreign influences together.
Climate in India is hot, tropical and differs from region to region. During summer months, Northern India remains dry and dusty. The country receives monsoons in mid-July and September. The northern plains in the country experience extreme climate
Fee Structure Of Top Govt. & Private Medical Colleges in India
Where you hovering around different websites to see MBBS Course fee structure of different medical Colleges but you have been unsuccessful so far, this time you are not. You have come to aright place, here we have listed well known medical colleges their annual fee, admission fees, mess charges, bond if any, etc. This will give you complete idea about how much money you have to spend to study in government or private medical Colleges. Well, we all know that studying medical college is costly. Private college charges you the most while Govt. Colleges charges least but again you have to put a lot of hard work to cross the competition. MBBS fromGovernment medical College is best as they are well established & patient follow is high. While most private medical colleges are not as good despite being more costly. There is marked variation in fee structure among Central Govt. seats, State Govt. seats & Private medical college seats. Central Govt. Institutions e.g. AIIMS, costs you least around Rs.6000, as they are heavily subsidised. AIPMT All India Quota Seats which are also under Central Govt. can cost you around Rs.50,000 annually at most. State Quota MBBS seats in different states varies state by state & can cost you between Rs.50,000 to Rs.2 lakh annually. Private Medical Colleges management quota seats are costliest, can’t be afforded by all. These Costs around Rs.10 lakh per annum, full course will cost you around Rs.50 lakh.
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